The Republic Nigeria Travel Health Advice

Nigeria is one of the largest country in Africa, nglish is the official language but there are more than 500 languages speak cross the country.


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Some vaccines are recommended or required for Nigeria.


VACCINE RECOMMENDATIONS

The Nigeria Travel Health Advice: The WHO recommends the following vaccinations for Nigeria: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps,And rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria,and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.

Travel-Health Notices: Recommended Travel Vaccinations for Nigeria and requirements are provided below.

VACCINE HOW DISEASE SPREADS DETAILS
Hepatitis A: Food & Water Recommended for most travelers
Hepatitis B Blood & Body Fluids Accelerated schedule available
Typhoid Food & Water Recommended for travelers to most regions.
Meningitis Airborne & Direct Contact Located in the meningitis belt, vaccination is recommended during the dry season (Dec. – June)
Yellow Fever Mosquito Required if traveling from a region with yellow fever. Recommended for all travelers over 9 months of age.
Polio Food & Water Nigeria is one of three countries with active, wild polio transmission. Travelers are advised to ensure they have been vaccinated. Single adult booster recommended.
Rabies Saliva of Infected Animals High risk country. Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals.

Routine Vaccinations for Nigeria

VACCINE HOW DISEASE SPREADS DETAILS
Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) Various Vectors Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended.
TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis) Wounds & Airborne Only one adult booster of pertussis required.
Chickenpox Direct Contact & Airborne Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.
Shingles Direct Contact Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.
Pneumonia Airborne Two vaccines given separately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both.
Influenza Airborne Vaccine components change annually.
Polio is still a risk to travelers to Nigeria. Make sure your polio vaccination is up-to-date before traveling to the region.

Nigeria is in the meningitis belt, meaning there is an increased risk of infection during certain times of the year. Speak with a travel health specialist to learn if this will affect your itinerary.

Dengue, malaria and chikungunya are all present in Nigeria. Be sure to take repellents, netting and antimalarials with you as part of your travel preparations.

Individuals with HIV/AIDS may not be allowed into the country as part of an effort to stop the spread of the virus within Nigeria.

Medical facilities are usually poor and most medicines are not accessible. Most doctors require payment before a procedure.

Cholera is endemic in Nigeria. Northern states have experienced cholera outbreaks since 2009, leading to deaths.

Stay safe!